What does a lawyer do and what does he specialize in?

At some point, a person or group of people may find themselves involved in a situation where they need to defend their rights and interests. A lawyer is the professional who can give you legal advice and define a strategy for your defense before other people, public organizations or private entities.

In this article we will discover what the main functions of a lawyer are, why it is important for society and which of its areas of specialization are the most in demand in Mexico. Keep reading to find out what a lawyer does, where to study law and how much these professionals earn Law Tutor.

What a legal lawyer does in his daily duties
A lawyer is responsible for advising on legal matters and representing his clients in defending their rights. A lawyer can represent any of the two parties involved in a trial, and support his defense with allegations or evidence. The functions of lawyers depend on their areas of specialization, but, in general, some of their main tasks:

Provide legal guidance to your clients.
Represent clients in court, in private legal matters and before government entities.
Investigate, collect evidence, argue your client’s defense according to current law.
Negotiate agreements in the case of private disputes.
Explain complex legal matters and the application of the law to your clients.
Prepare legal documents for your clients, such as wills, business contracts, and divorce agreements.
Review cases and determine the best legal action for each client.

Generally, a lawyer works in a law firm, where he specializes in a specific area, ranging from civil or criminal law, to international or commercial law, among others. But if you decide to be a modern lawyer you will have the possibility of expanding your career field even further.

Characteristics of a good lawyer
The most successful lawyers usually have certain characteristics in common and it is important that you know them if your professional objectives include developing yourself in some of the branches of law. Law firms and companies with a legal area generally look for law graduates with the following characteristics and competencies:

Communication skills
Lawyers must be able to clearly express their ideas and argue convincingly. This skill must be reflected not only orally, but also in writing, doing so with correctness, precision, consistency and with appropriate legal terminology. In addition to the ability to speak, a good lawyer must know how to listen. Only in this way will he be able to understand what his clients tell him, gain their trust and follow complex testimonials without losing detail.

Good judgement
Have the ability to draw reasonable conclusions or assumptions from available evidence or information. A law graduate must be able to detect the weak points of an opposition argument to strengthen his client’s defense.

On the other hand, having good judgment allows you to use criteria to make the most accurate and crucial decisions in the development of a case. Although it does not guarantee success, it does increase the chances of success.

Analytical skills
A lawyer must study large amounts of information to extract the most relevant points. Sometimes there will be more than one reasonable conclusion or more than one way to resolve a certain situation, and the attorney must evaluate and decide which of them offers a better solution. The analysis capacity also allows for the proper interpretation of regulations and jurisprudence.

Integrity, honesty and morality
A good lawyer must have integrity and conduct himself with uprightness. He will have to handle sensitive and confidential information of his clients, who are probably going through difficult times, so his moral quality and professional ethics must be unwavering. A lawyer must be honest with his client from the beginning, laying out the possible outcomes of his situation.

Social skills
Law is not an abstract practice. Lawyers work with people, so it is important that they have social skills that allow them to be pleasant, persuasive, and behave confidently and leadership. They must also have the ability to analyze attitudes and body language, to read between the lines of people’s sincerity.

But analytical skills and logical thinking are not the only things needed to practice as a lawyer. The most successful professionals also have high doses of creativity. When solving problems, the best solution is not always the most obvious, so we often have to look for unconventional options.

Conflict resolution
Lawyers are often intermediaries between parties who are in conflict over some issue, for example, in the context of mediation or a trial. In order to succeed in these types of delicate situations, having conflict resolution skills is crucial.

demand areas of law
A lawyer not only works in criminal law, but can specialize in multiple areas. These are some of the branches of law requested in Mexico.

Corporate law
The lawyer specializing in corporate law is responsible for legally advising companies on their organization, operation and control. Among his many functions, a corporate lawyer:

Advises on the most appropriate type of commercial company based on the characteristics of the company.
Protects the legal interests of trademarks and patents.
Maintains the company’s international agreements documents in order.

International right
A lawyer specializing in international law studies conflicts that may arise after the application of international laws or treaties. International law involves clients with business interests in more than one jurisdiction or cases involving laws outside those of the home country. Therefore, to become an international lawyer you would have to qualify in a second or several jurisdictions.

Civil law
A person acquires legal capacity from birth and civil law is responsible for regulating their rights, obligations, property and inheritance. This branch of law is also responsible for giving legal treatment to associations or civil societies. A civil law lawyer is, for example, someone in charge of handling a family dispute over inheritance or alimony due to divorce.

Tax law
Tax law studies taxes and their relationship with taxpayers. lawyers specializing in tax law or tax law usually work within private corporations or as external consultants to normalize company income.

Banking and stock market law
A lawyer specializing in banking law must know the legal framework applicable to the institutions and operations of the national financial system, and they usually work in banking institutions, financial groups, stock exchanges, private brokerage houses, etc.

Environmental law
This is a branch of law that is becoming relevant, and could even be considered one of the professions of the future given the urgent need to stop climate change. environmental law is the set of legal norms that regulate all human activities that put the environment at risk. It not only seeks to prevent damage, it also determines how to repair it and punish those responsible if it occurs.